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校园秋冬季传染病防控健康小贴士


文章来源: 校医院    发布时间: 2019-11-11    浏览次数: 16

  qiudongjishigezhongchuanranbingbaofaliuxingdegaofaqi,changjiandechuanranbingyou“feijiehe、shuidou、saixianyan、mazhen、liugan、liuxingxingnaoyan”denghuxidaochuanranbing。xuexiaoshirenqungaodumijichangsuo,shishengshichuanranbingdeyiganqunti,weiyouxiaoyufanghekongzhichuanranbingzaixuexiaodefashengheliuxing,quebaoshishengshentijiankang,qingguangdashishengguanzhuqiudongjichuanranbingyufangzhishidexiangguanxinxi,zengqianghetigaoziwofangbingyishi。

一、常见呼吸道传染病

1、liugan(liuxingxingganmao)

  liuxingxingganmaojiancheng“liugan”,shiyouliuganbingduyinqidejixinghuxidaochuanranbing,juyouhenqiangdechuanranxing,qianfuqi1~3ri。chuanranyuanzhuyaoshibingrenheyinxingganranzhe,chuanranqiyue1zhou。yikongqifeimochuanboweizhu,yeketongguobeibingduwurandewupinjianjiechuanbo,renqunputongyigan。zhuyaozhengzhuangweifare、toutong、liuti、yantong、ganke、quanshenjiroujiguanjiesuantongdeng,fareyibanchixu3~4tian,yeyoubiaoxianweijiaozhongdefeiyanhuoweichangxingliugan。

2、shuidou

  shuidoushiyoushuidoudaizhuangpaozhenbingduyinqidejixinghuxidaochuanranbing。benbingchuanranxinghenqiang,quannianjunkefabing,yidongchunjiduojian。chuanranyuanzhuyaoshibingren,congchuxianpizhenqian2rizhichuzhenhou6rijunjuyouchuanranxing。tongguohuxidaofeimochuanranhejiechubeishuidoubingduwurandeshiju、wanju、beirujimaojindengchuanran。renqunputongyigan,ertongduojian。dianxingbiaoxianshifare,24xiaoshineichuxianhongsebanqiuzhen,xunsufazhanweiqingliangdeluanyuanxingxiaoshuipao,houshuipaobianhunzhuo,yipo,congzhongxingansuo,xunsujiechi。linchuangshangwangwangqiuzhen、shuipaozhen、jiejiatongshicunzai,chengxiangxinxingfenbu,xianqugan,houtoumian、sizhi,saoyangganzhong,yiban10tiankezhiyu。

3、liuxingxingsaixianyan

  流行性腮腺炎是由腮腺炎病毒引起的急性传染病,一般2周左右可治愈。传染源是腮腺炎病人或隐性感染者病毒通过飞沫感染健康人群,腮腺明显肿胀,前6~7日至肿胀,后9日期间具有传染性,多见于儿童及青少年,预后良好,病后可获得持久的免疫力。典型症状是发热、耳下腮部、颌下肿痛,可引起脑膜脑炎、胰腺炎、睾丸炎及卵巢炎。

4、mazhen

  mazhenshiyoumazhenbingduyinqidejixinghuxidaochuanranbing。benbingchuanranxinghenqiang,qianfuqiyiban9~11tian,chuanranqiweichuzhenqianhouge5tian,duofayudongchunjijie。chuanranyuanzhuyaoshimazhenbingren,zhuyaojingkongqichuanbo,yeketongguozhijiejiechuchuanbo。renqunpuyigan,ertongduojian,binghoukehuodechijiudemianyili。mazhenchuqizhengzhuangheganmaoxiangsi,youfare、kesou、liuti、weiguang、liuleidengxianxiang。fabing2~3tianhou,kouqiangneiliangcejiuchipangdezhanmoshang,keyikandaohuibaisezhenjiandaxiaodexiaodian,zhouweiyouhongyun,zheishizaoqizhenduandezhongyaoyiju。fabing3~4tianhouchupizhen,zhenzichuqihou,tiwenkaishixiajiang,bingzhujianhuifuzhengchang。bingqingyanzhongzhekeyingxianghuxixitong、shenjingxitong,shenzhidaozhisiwang。

5、feijiehe

亚博官网  feijieheshiyoujieheganjunyinqideyizhongmanxinghuxidaochuanranbing。benbingchuanranyuanzhuyaoshipaijundejiehebingren,tanjunyangxingshijunjuyouchuanranxing。zhuyaojingkongqifeimochuanbo,renqunpubianyigan,15~35suishijiehebingdegaofanianling,huanzheduoyoujiazushihuofeijiehejiechushi。zhuyaozhengzhuangyoukesou、ketan、kexue、xiongtong、wuhoudire、daohan、shiyubuzhen、tizhongjianqingdeng。benbingbosanmianguang,liaochengzhang(yiban6~9geyue),yidanhuanbingyingzaijiehebingfangzhizhuanmenjigoujieshouguifanhuazhiliao。

二、肠道传染病

亚博官网1、nuorubingduganranxingfuxie

亚博官网  nuorubingduganranxingfuxieshiyounuorubingdushubingduyinqidefuxie,juyoufabingji、chuanbosudukuai、shejifanweiguangdengtedian,shiyinqifeixijunxingfuxiebaofadezhuyaobingyin。nuorubingduganranxingqiang,yichangdaochuanboweizhu,ketongguowurandeshuiyuan、shiwu、wupin、kongqidengchuanbo。zaiquanshijiefanweineijunyouliuxing,quannianjunkefashengganran,ganranduixiangzhuyaoshichengrenhexuelingertong,hanlengjijiechengxiangaofa。nuorubingduganranqianfuqiduozai24~48xiaoshi,zuiduan12xiaoshi,zuizhang72xiaoshi。ganranzhefabingturan,zhuyaozhengzhuangweiexin、outu、fare、futonghefuxie。ertonghuanzheoutupubian,chengrenhuanzhefuxieweiduo,fenbianweixishuibianhuoshuiyangbian,wuzhanyenongxue。yuanfaganranhuanzhedeoutuzhengzhuangmingxianduoyuxufaganranzhe,youxieganranzhejinbiaoxianchuoutuzhengzhuang。ciwai,yekejiantoutong、hanzhanhejiroutongdengzhengzhuang。nuorubingduganranxingfuxieshiyizhongchangjiandechangdaochuanranbing,shikekongkefangkezhi。

2、jiaxingganyan

亚博官网  jiaxingganyanshiyoujiaxingganyanbingdu(hav)yinqidejixingganzangyanzheng。zhuyaojingfenkoutujingchuanbo,fabingyiertongheqingshaonianduojian,zaibingduxingganyanzhongfabinglvjiganranlvzuigao。linchuangbiaoxianzhuyaoweifare、fali、shiyujiantui、exin、outuhepifufahuang,youdebingrenyoufuzhang,niaochenghese、dabianseqian,jianchaganzangzhongda,youchutonghuokoutong。

三、呼吸道传染病和肠道传染病的预防措施

1、jiaqiangfangkongzhishixuanchuanjiaoyu,tigaoguangdashishengweishengzhishizhixiaolv,zengqiangziwobaohuyishiyunengli。

亚博官网2、gaohaohuanjingweisheng。qinglifenbian、laji、wushui,xiaomiecangyingzishengdi,baohushuiyuanbushouwuran。

亚博官网3、jiaqiangyinshiweishenganquanguanli。xuexiaoshitangyangezhixinggexiangweishengzhidu,shipinyuanliaocaigou、jiagong、cun、xiaoshoufuheweishengbiaozhun,congyerenyuandingqitijian,chizhengshanggang。

亚博官网4、zuohaochenjian,duiyinbingqueqinquekexueshengjinxingzhuizongdiaocha,yuhouchiyiyuankangfuzhengmingfangnengfanxiao。

5、yangchenglianghaodegerenweishengheyinshiweishengxiguan。qinjianzhijia、qinhuanyifu;fanqian、bianhouxishou;yinyongkaishui,buheshengshui;buchifubaibianzhideshiwu;buchishengshiwu;buchicangyingdingpaguodeshiwu;bubaoyinbaoshi;shengchishucai、shuiguoyaoxijing;shengfan、shengcai、haichanpindengyaoshaoshuzhutou;budaoxiaowaiwuzhenghuoweishengtiaojianchadedifangjiucan;buyutarengongyongshuibei、canju、maojin、yashuadengwupin。

6、shitang、jiaoshi、qinshi、tushushidenggonggongchangsuoyaobaochiweishengyutongfeng,dingqijinxingqingdu,riyongpinyaojingchangjinxingrizhaoxiaodu。

亚博官网7、shentibushiyingdaozhengguiyiliaojigoujiuzhen,zuodaozaofaxian,zaozhenduan,zaogeli,zaozhiliao。

亚博官网8、jiangjiugerenweisheng,busuiditutan;shuangshoujiechuhuxidaofenmiwu(rudapentihou)yingxishouhuocajing。chuanranbingliuxingqijian,yingshaoqurenqunmijidedifang,daogonggongchangsuoyingdaikouzhao。

9、保持充足的睡眠和良好的心态,加强营养,积极参加体育锻炼,增强机体抵抗力。

亚博官网10、biyaoshijinxingyufangjiezhong,zengqiangmianyili。

 

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