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新冠病毒无症状感染者焦点问题透视


文章来源: 新华社    发布时间: 2019-04-14    浏览次数: 169

  dangqianquanguobentuyiqingchuanboyijibenzuduan,suizhewuhan“jiefeng”,buduanchuxiandexinguanbingduwuzhengzhuangganranzhebeishouguanzhu。shenmeshiwuzhengzhuangganranzhe,tamendechuanranxingruhe?fugongfuchanhouruheyingduiwuzhengzhuangganranzhechuanbofengxian?xiangguanbumenhedifangzhengfuruheguankong,zenmepaicha?gongzhongyinggairuhezuohaozishenfanghu?duiyuzheixieshehuipubianguanzhudejiaodianwenti,xinhuashejizhecaifangxiangguanzhuanjiayitanjiujing。

  焦点一: 无症状感染者传染性如何?

  tongjishujuxianshi,31gesheng(zizhiqu、zhixiashi)hexinjiangshengchanjianshebingtuan4yue11ribaogaoxinzengwuzhengzhuangganranzhe63li,qizhongjingwaishuruwuzhengzhuangganranzhe12li;dangrizhuanweiquezhenbingli14li(jingwaishuru14li);dangrijiechuyixueguancha55li(jingwaishuru4li)。shangzaiyixueguanchawuzhengzhuangganranzhe1086li(jingwaishuru332li)。

  huazhongkejidaxuetongjiyixueyuangonggongweishengxueyuanjiaoshouweishengshuo: “wuzhengzhuangganranzhedechuanranxingyaofenbutongqingkuanglaikan,ruguoshizaiwuhangelilezheimeduotianhoucaifaxiandewuzhengzhuangganranzhe,chuanranxinghendi。ruguoshicongguowaizhengzailiuxingdediqufanhuirenqunzhongfaxiandewuzhengzhuangganranzhe,chuanranxingshihengaode。yaofenbutongqingkuang,fenbiepanduan。”

  juzhongyangzhidaozuzhuanjiazuchengyuan、beijingchaoyangyiyuanfuyuanzhangtongchaohuijieshao,wuzhengzhuangganranzhefenlianglei: yileishixinguanfeiyanquezhenbingren,zhishihaizaiqianfuqi,meiyouzhengzhuang,xuyaobatamenzhenbiechulainaruquezhenbingliguanli;lingyileimeiyourenhezhengzhuang,meiyourenheyingxianggaibian,shizhenzhengdewuzhengzhuangganranzhe,tamenbushibingren,zhishihesuanjianceyangxing。

  guojiaweishengjiankangweiyuanhuizuzhizhuanjiadui1yue29rizhi4yue8rigedibaogaodewuzhengzhuangganranzhezhuanweiquezhenbinglijinxingfenxi,faxianwoguowuzhengzhuangganranzhezhuanweiquezhenbinglibilichengzhujianxiajiangqushi。3yue10riyihouzhuanweiquezhenbinglidebiliweichizai11.2%yixia,bufenshengfenzheiyibilixiangduijiaodi,zai6%yixia。

亚博官网  tongchaohuibiaoshi,congyixueshangpanduan,wuzhengzhuangganranzheyouyidingdechuanranxing,danchuanranliyibanjiaoruo,chuanranxingbiyouzhengzhuangdedihenduo。“meiyoudapenti、kesoudengzhengzhuang,daibingdudefeimozaihuxidaoneipaibuchulai,yinqichuanbodejihuijiuxiangduishaoyixie。”

亚博官网  zuijin《ziran》zazhizaixianfabiaoleyipiantiwei《xinxingguanzhuangbingdufeiyanzhuyuanhuanzhebingduxuepinggu》delunwen,deguokexuejiakelisiqin·telaosentuanduideyanjiubiaoming,xinguanfeiyanzhengzhuangchuxian8tianhoubianbuzaifenlihuobingdu,shuominghuanzhedaihuobingdushijianbuzhang。

  weishengshuo,wuhanjumindaduojujiagelile70duotian,youwuzhengzhuang,you“lvma”derenchuanranxinghenxiao。“jinriwuhanchuqulehenduoren,chachulaidewuzhengzhuangganranzhejishao。”

  焦点二: 无症状感染者会不会引起疫情反弹?

  4yue8ri,guanbile76tiandelihantongdaozhongkai,wuhan“jiefeng”、fugongfuchanhou,wuzhengzhuangganranzhechuanbofengxianbeishouguanzhu。

  zhongguojikongzhongxinweishengyingjizhongxinzhurenliqunbiaoshi,fugongfuchandezhunbeigongzuoyizhizaizuo,jiushiweileyingduisuizherenyuanliudongdezengqiang,kenengdailaidechuanbofengxian。yidanfaxianwuzhengzhuangganranzhe,jishikaizhangeliguanchahexiangxideliuxingbingxuediaocha,tongshiduiyixiezhongdianchangsuo、zhongdianrenqun、zhongdiandiquyoumudedijiaqiangguankonghejiance。“tongguozheixiegongzuo,yaboguanwangxiwangfaxiangengduodewuzhengzhuangganranzhe,jianshaochuanbojihui。”

亚博官网  “wuzhengzhuangganranzhedecunzaishichuanranbingdeguilv,mazhen、liugan、sarsdengdouyouyidingbilidewuzhengzhuangganranzhe,tamendoumeiyinqizaishehuishangdedachuanbo。”tongchaohuishuo,2003niansarsheqianqixinguanfeiyanliuxingbingxuediaochadezhengju,douzhengmingwuzhengzhuangganranzheyouyidingdechuanranxing,danshichuanranxing、chuanboxingyouxian,buhuiyinqirenqundedaguimochuanbo。yiyuan、jikongjigouzhiyaochongfenluoshichuanranbingfangzhi“sizao”yaoqiu,jiunenghenhaokongzhiwuzhengzhuangganranzhedechuanbofengxian。

  “wuzhengzhuangganranzhehuibuhuidaozhiyiqingfandan,gengzhongyaodeshiqujueyufangkonggongzuodetaiduhenengli。ruguobuzhongshi,jishizhiyoushaoliangdewuzhengzhuangganranzhe,yekenenghuizaochengjibingchuanbo;ruguoyaboguanwangzhongshile,jishiyouwuzhengzhuangganranzhecunzai,zhiyaoyouxiaoluoshifangkongcuoshi,faxianyige,guankongyige,zhazhashishizuohaofaxian、guankonggongzuo,jiubuhuiyouwenti。”liqunrenwei,muqiangegefangmianyigaoduzhongshiwuzhengzhuangganranzhedefangkonggongzuo,zhuanyebumendejiancegongzuobuduanjiaqiang,fangkongcuoshiheliuchengbuduanyouhua,duizhongdianrenqundeshaichayezaichixukaizhanzhong,bubiguofendanxinwuzhengzhuangganranzhehuiyinqiyiqingbaofa。

  焦点三: 如何排查和管控无症状感染者?

  juzhuanjiamenjieshao,hubeiwuhanpaichachudewuzhengzhuangganranzhezhuyaoyoujizhonglaiyuan: yishicongquezhenhuanzhemijierenyuanzhongpaichachulai;ershicongdaoyiyuanjiuzhendeputongbinghuanzhongshaichachulai;sanshibufenqiyefugongfuchanqianzuzhipaichachulai;sishibufenlihanrenyuanshaichachulai。

亚博官网  yidanpaichachuwuzhengzhuangganranzhe,jiangcaiqunaxiecuoshiyingdui?

  liqunshuo,gejigeleiyiliaoweishengjigoufaxianwuzhengzhuangganranzhe,yingdangyuliangxiaoshineijinxingwangluozhibao。xianqujidejikongzhongxinjiedaowuzhengzhuangganranzhedebaogaohou,yaozai24xiaoshineiwanchengwuzhengzhuangganranzhedegeandiaocha。

  “duiyuwuzhengzhuangganranzhe,doushicaiquyuquezhenbinglitongyangdeyangecuoshi,wuzhengzhuangganranzhefaxianyihoudeguanli、geli、yixueguancha,doushifeichangyangede。”liqunshuo,“wuzhengzhuangganranzheyaojizhongyixueguancha14tian,yidanchuxianzhengzhuangjiuzhuanqudingdianyiyuanjinxingzhiliao,ruguonenggouquezhenyaojishidingzhengweiquezhenbingli。liangcihesuanjianceyinxingjiechujizhongyixueguanchahou,haiyaojinxingliangzhoudejiankangsuifang,tongshizaidierzhouhedisizhouyaoqudingdianyiyuanjinxingfucha,wuzhengzhuangganranzhedemiqiejiechuzheyeyaojizhongyixueguancha14tian。”

  焦点四: 公众应该如何看待、怎样防护?

亚博官网  zhenduibufenduiwuzhengzhuangganranzhedekonghuangqingxu,tongchaohuibiaoshi,quezhenbinglidemiqiejiechuzheshiwuzhengzhuangganranzhezuizhuyaodelaiyuan,meiyoujiechuguoxinguanfeiyanbingrenderen,yibanbuhuibeichuanran,meiyoubiyaokonghuang。

亚博官网  liqunshuo: “gongzhongyaoyoufangfanganranfengxiandeyishi,queyewuxuguodudanyou,zaiwufabianbiezhouweiyoumeiyouwuzhengzhuangganranzhedeqingkuangxia,gengzhongyaodeshizuohaogerenfanghu。”

亚博官网  zhuanjiapubianrenwei,meiyouzhengzhuanghekeyijiechushideputongren,meibiyaoquzuohesuanpaicha。duiputongrenqundedaguimoshaichajibukexing,yewubiyao。gongzhongyaozuodejiushizuohaogerenfanghu,yangchenglianghaoweishengxiguan,zengjiayingyang、xiuxihao,tigaozishenmianyili。

  guifandefanghuyehenzhongyao,“yaboguanwangkenenghaihuiyouyixiexiayishidedongzuo,youyixiebuhaodexiguanmeizhuyidao,biruyongshouchumokouzhaobiaomianhouzaiqurouyanjing。”liqunshuo,gongzhongyifangmianyaoyouyishizuohaogerenfanghu,yifangmianyaozhidaozenyangguifanfanghu。

  “xiwangyiqingguohou,dajianengyangchengyixiehaodeweishengxiguan,zheibujinduifangfanxinguanfeiyanyiqingyouli,duiqitachuanranbingfangkongyeyouli。”duoweizhuanjiashuo,kouzhaoweisheng、xishouweisheng、baochishejiaojulidenghaodeweishengxiguanyinggaibaochixiaqu。(jizhewangxian、zhenglu)

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